Hrvatske vode
 
Kontrola izvora onečišćenja voda
Control of water pollution sources

Vesna Grizelj Šimić1

Sažetak/Abstract: 

Suvremeno upravljanje vodama sadržava zahtjeve za utvrđivanjem značajki osnovnih jedinica za upravljanje slivovima, uključujući pregled utjecaja ljudskih djelatnosti na stanje voda. Razgraničenje utjecaja od točkastih i raspršenih izvora onečišćenja posebno je složen zadatak. U radu se detaljnije opisuju opterećenja voda i analiziraju karakteristični metodološki pristupi kontroli izvora onečišćenja koji za cilj imaju smanjenje utjecaja na vodni okoliš, što se ostvaruje utvrđivanjem i provedbom sveobuhvatnog programa mjera. Naglašava se potreba osiguranja sudjelovanja raznih korisnika voda u provedbi mjera za smanjenje utjecaja na vodni okoliš, uzimajući u obzir načelo korisnik/onečišćivač plaća, što predstavlja poticaj korisnicima za učinkovito korištenje vodnih resursa.

 

Modern water management contains the requirements for determining the characteristics of basic river basin management units, including an overview of the impact of human activities on the water status. The differentiation between the impacts of point and diffuse sources of pollution is a particularly complex task. The paper describes in detail the water pollution loads and analyses typical methodological approaches to the control of pollution sources with the objective to reduce the impact on the water environment through the establishment and implementation of a comprehensive programme of measures. It emphasises the need to ensure the participation of different water users in the implementation of measures aimed at reducing the impact on the water environment, while taking into account the user / polluter pays principle as an incentive for users to use water resources efficiently.

Kategorija: 
Stručni članak / Professional Paper
Ključne riječi/Key words: 

opterećenje voda, izvori onečišćenja, kontrola izvora onečišćenja, kombinirani pristup, ekonomska analiza, ukupni maksimalni dnevni teret onečišćenja (masena koncentracija).

water pollution load, pollution sources, control of water pollution sources, combined approach,

economic analysis, total maximum daily load (mass concentration).

Podaci o autorima/Authors affiliations: 

1Hrvatske vode, Ulica grada Vukovara 220, 10000 Zagreb, Vesna.GrizeljSimic@voda.hr

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