Hrvatske vode
 
Procjedne vode odlagališta otpada - kemijski sastav, toksični učinci i metode pročišćavanja
Landfill leachates - chemical composition, toxic impacts and treatment methods

Višnja Oreščanin1

Sažetak/Abstract: 

U radu su prikazani izvori procjednih voda, njihove količine i sastav u ovisnosti o različitim parametrima (način odlaganja otpada, starost odlagališta, klimatski uvjeti) te njihovi toksični učinci na različitim test sustavima uključujući i ljudske stanice. Dan je literaturni pregled konvencionalnih i naprednih metoda pročišćavanja te njihove prednosti i nedostatci. Iz iznesenih podataka moguće je zaključiti da procjedne vode zbog svoje kompleksnosti sastava te dokazanog toksičnog učinka na svim test sustavima predstavljaju značajan rizik kako za sastavnice okoliša i prirode tako i za ljudsko zdravlje. Prisutnost organskog, anorganskog i mikrobiološkog opterećenja te niska biorazgradivost procjednih voda zahtijeva kombinaciju različitih metoda obrade kako bi se zadovoljili kriteriji za ispust u okoliš.

 

The paper presents the sources of leachates, their quantities and composition in relation to different parameters (waste disposal method, landfill age, climate conditions) and their toxic impacts on various test systems, including human cells. A reference overview of conventional and advanced treatment methods and their advantages and disadvantages is given. Based on the quoted data, it can be concluded that leachates, due to complexity of their composition and proven toxic impact on all test systems, pose a significant risk both to environmental and nature components and to human health. The presence of organic, inorganic and microbiological load, and their low biodegradability require a combination of different treatment methods to fulfil the criteria for discharges into the environment.

Kategorija: 
Pregledni članak / Review Paper
Ključne riječi/Key words: 

procjedne vode, toksični učinak, biološka obrada, membranske tehnologije, fizička i kemijska obrada, elektrokemijske metode

leachates, toxic impact, biological treatment, membrane technology, physical and chemical treatment, electrochemical methods

Podaci o autorima/Authors affiliations: 

1Napredna energija, d.o.o., V. Prekrata 43, 10000 Zagreb, vorescan@gmail.com

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